“Stock market” is a financial term used to refer to the purchase and sale of stocks. The term may refer to a physical market, such as a stock exchange, or it may refer to the aggregate price of the stocks being sold. When the stock market was supposed to “go down,” it meant that overall, the share price was down compared to the previous time.
Stocks are securities that allow their carrier to own part of the business. Each share represents a percentage of the company that issued that stock. When these stocks are traded, their prices rise and fall due to a number of factors. In general, when the demand for a stock increases, its price will increase; When demand decreases, its price also decreases.
In the United States alone, thousands of shares have been sold. To determine the overall price trend of these stocks, financial analysts use indicators to determine price trends. These indices take the prices of a handful of different stocks and average them. When the price of an index rises, the market the index is tracking is said to go up. When the price of index stocks goes down, the market is said to go down.
The level of an index can be reduced for a variety of reasons. In general, falling prices correspond to a decrease in demand. Demand for stocks may decline for a number of reasons. For example, if investors believe that the economy will slow down and sales will fall, they may choose to sell their shares. Or, falling inflation can cause prices to fall and the stock market to fall as well.
In the U.S., saying that the stock market goes down often implies that the Dow Jones Industrial Average has fallen. The Dow is an index of 30 major U.S.-based companies. These companies are relatively stable, so the volatility of their share prices is seen as a sign of the general trend of prices for all stocks. However, in other countries, the term “stock market” can be used to refer to other indicators. In addition, the stocks that form this index occasionally change, making it difficult to compare the levels of the stock market. This is especially true in the long run, when inflation becomes a factor.